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Presentation

The validation of academic studies and diplomas is a pre-requisite for the creation of an open European space for education and professional background that provides the greatest mobility for students and teaching staff. For the interchange to be successful, it was felt necessary to define a uniform system from the diverse evaluation systems existing in the community space. The European Credit Transfer System simplifies the recognition of academic results by teaching organizations through the implementation of a current evaluation system. The objective of the ECTS is also to create the necessary conditions for gaining closer links between organizations and for widening the range of options offered to students. 

For academic validation to be applied in a consistent manner, measures are used that are applied in all of the community space – credits and grades – generating in this fashion a grid for the interpretation of the national systems of higher education.

It should be stated, however, that the ECTS in itself does not in any way determine the content, structure or equivalence of the programmes of study. These are qualitative questions that the organizations themselves have to solve in order to establish the basis for satisfactory co-operation through bilateral or multilateral actions. In this context, it is obvious that each organization will select its own partners. It was taken into account the previous suppositions, it is interesting therefore to underline which is the simplest way to apply the evaluation grids.